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Writing a Rhetorical Analysis Outline

hello this is mr. Buchanan this is a little slideshow I made for you about how to do an effective rhetorical analysis you only get right while finding your own voice it’s important to remember that as you’re doing this there are guidelines for doing a successful one that I would encourage you to follow but those are not written in stone I think the ultimate goal is to remember that you are demonstrating your ability to analyze the selection which you have read and then write about what you have read and how that author is communicating his and her ideas to an audience and whether or not that author is being effective make sure that you did this make sure that you read the selection as carefully as possible and these are some of the the points that we have been using in class throughout the year that you want to remember as you are reading each selection first of all make sure that you’re looking at the tour who appeals these could be ethos which is how does an author develop his or her credibility remember that there is an automatically knows which comes with the author depending on is or her credentials but also you want to make sure that you are looking at how the author appeals to the audience using logic and reason remember that everyone is trying to persuade the audience to think differently to look at the world differently to make changes when necessary so using logic and reason is one way of doing that and that is considered rhetorical field another appeal that many authors use is appealing to people emotions selections that strictly appeal to people’s emotions are not always successful simply because we can’t always predict when an audience is going to think or feel but there is a certain level of emotional appeal that is necessary in order to convince people to change your thoughts or accept a different course of action another aspect of the selection that you can examine is exactly who the speaker is and what does the selection reveal to us about the speaker who is he who is she where they from what values does the speaker have that are evident in the text those are actually things that you can bring out in a rhetorical analysis because that’s part of what a an author is doing is you’re getting part of what he or she believes to be true to what he or she believes to be values another aspect of your text preparation and annotation is looking at how the entire selection is is organized what role does the first paragraph have of a selection how does the second paragraph build on what the first paragraph is doing what is the the purpose of this section in the text that will allow you to look at larger portions of the text a little more individually as opposed to looking at the whole selection so break it down into smaller parts you know what works best for you I typically like to look at it maybe two to three sections but again you can look at this however you want to look at it next is the author’s writing style what are the words was the person is using what types of sentences is a person using are they mixing short sentences with longer sentences is the vocabulary elevated or using a simpler vocabulary to communicate to the audience that’s all part of the writer style rhetorical devices and imagery while ap is not real big on identifying every single device it’s in a selection it’s actually better to explain what you think the author is doing and to be more than to be concerned about identifying each particular advice see the device also pay attention to the author’s use of imagery all these devices and imagery serve a purpose why is the author choosing to use a metaphor why is the author choosing to use an allusion to another selection or work what purpose does this imagery serve in the actual text it’s not just that the author is just using that you’re using it for a reason and it’s up to you to decide how the author is using it and whether or not it’s effective and finally probably the most important one is what exactly is the overarching theme what’s the message that the author is attempting to convey to his or her audience once an audience hears the speech or reads a letter or reads a speech or a passage from an essay what does the author want is or her audience to take with them and as you’re looking at the thing also pay very close attention to the tone avoiding such words is it’s a happy tone or Satta tone take a look at your strong verb sheet that will give you a list of different tongue words be very cognizant of the words that you choose to describe what the authors doing because that will help you to make any more successful torkoal analysis once you are finished with the analysis itself you can go ahead and start deciding how you want to organize your actual rhetorical analysis of the selection I’m going to give you two examples an example to go along with each one of those the best way that I have found this this takes a great deal of skill in a great deal of confidence as a writer that is to examine the section sequentially what does you often do at the very beginning in order to convey his or her ideas what does the author do towards the end you can organize by sections of the selection that will help you actually organize your essay as you write it this will help you to demonstrate understanding of the different parts of the essay it will also allow you to have closer examination of the part for example if an author begins the selection by describing a certain setting or certain aspect of his or her life you know that you can go deeper into that say well how does the author describe the setting or his or her life and it allows you to be more specific if you look at the devices that the author is using in order to do that and whether or not they are effective and it definitely helps you as a writer particularly on the AP exam if you work through sequentially when you have to jump with when you jump around from point to point at developing your essay you’re not you may not pick up everything that you need to pick up but if you go through structurally from the beginning until the end you’ll have a stronger essay let me give you a quick example of that this is a claim that you would possibly have at the beginning of one of your body paragraphs throughout the paragraphs at the outset of the selection the author describes itself or describing in order to convey what to the audience and we’ll just rate what and that’s where that’s a good frame sentence for you to use and it clearly I’d like you to develop your own style with this move away from the frame sentence that I provided here and that’s a good way to get started another organizational style this one is it is effective I prefer the sectional sequential style but you can actually be very effective in the rhetorical analysis just simply by relying on the author’s use of rhetorical appeals this also will help you to organize sections based on the types of Appeals it helps you to focus are the reasons for using the rhetorical appeals and how it affects them affects the audience’s if you struggle with rhetorical analysis this kind of forces you into it because you just can’t say well the author uses logic and reason here and the odds author uses appeals to emotion here you have to explain why they’re using that and and how it could possibly affect the audience and whether that’s whether or not that’s a effective way of of conveying his or her ideas it it also allows for a closer examination of parts if you do it that way you pick out some good examples of how the author is doing know that and as always I would definitely work through sequentially that means both in the beginning of the essay to the end so if you decide to focus on logic and reason initially in one of your body paragraphs throughout them but starting at the beginning towards the end what are some ways in which the author uses logic and reason throughout the entire essay it’s not good enough just to give one example you have to give us multiple examples of that I’m going to give you an example of a claim that you would use in the body throughout the selection the author uses appeals to logic and reason in order to demonstrate what will you convey luck to the audience that’s for you to fill in again this is a frame sentence I’ve encouraged you to develop here in the style from this once you’ve done decide about what organizational style you want to use I want you to to create an outline of your actual rhetorical analysis until we really get into the habit of doing this almost instinctually so what I need you to do is on a piece of loose-leaf paper I’m going to ask you to copy what I have up there at the very beginning what says opening I remember this is me what we’ve talked about before what how and so what format but I’ve added a couple other questions to this and maybe this will help you do that so up at the top of your loose-leaf paper and you will write opening : what is the selection about why is the author writing this who is the audience and capitalize the lot why and do this will help you hopefully remember that that’s what you have to include in there it helped us become more it’s instinctual for you so when you do the outline right after that opening statement there I just like you to write a Roman numeral rough one and then write soap snow and then underneath that is put a b c d e f it’s soapstone remember it’s speaker occasion audience purpose subject and tone and just list the items there I’m not worried about those being in complete sentences right now just most all all six of those and you’re good to go after that I do want you to write the thesis and I’d like you to write this out on your outline at this time there are three parts to it remember each one of these needs to be linked together you have to include the author I like to include the author’s name now be careful about including off just using the author’s first name when I make sure that you’re keeping this as formal as possible you actually want to mention the rhetorical strategies that the author is using and this could be a time when you could actually put in the items that you’re going to mention in your organization of your rhetorical analysis the things that you plan to discuss so the author uses these rhetorical appeals in order to convey this purpose or overarching theme remember that the opening is where you’re really capturing the reader’s attention and demonstrating whether or not you truly understand what the author is saying so again would be relative or one that ABCDEF the minimal to thesis and just put all all like the ABC don’t list them there I’d rather than you write it the thesis as a sentence right beside number two next is the body and right after you’re done with the the opening I would like you to write this down as well body how does the author convey his or her ideas how does it connect with the audience those are questions that you need to answer with the buck within the body of your essay this can be anywhere from two to maybe four paragraphs again this is entirely up to you depending on how you want to organize it I would encourage to the three paragraphs but if you go if you do it differently depending on how your organization is set up it can be done either way and give you a little model now of the outline you will restart the Roman numeral so you have one and then you’ll have the claim and I’m going to put a model here for you throughout the paragraphs you can out set up a selection the often describes blank in order to blank again frame sentence and then the A’s and the a and B underneath each one are gonna be similar okay letter A is a specific example that the author uses number one will be an evaluative explanation of use evaluative meaning you know you should be using words like successfully to convey whether or not the author is doing a good job on this most of the selections are going to receive the author is going a good job it’s rare that you’re going to receive I can’t imagine if you would receive a selection of the author you on the court so a is a specific example and then it’s an eval you to explanation of the use how is he author and using that and then number two is an evaluative explanation of the effect on the audience these are just things that you want to say I don’t want to make this out to be a there’s a sentence one is a sentence two as a sentence and then when you have a second example V is a sentence and then one is a sentence and two it’s a sentence that’s not what this is this is just organizing your ideas you will take this outline and develop this into your own specific essay in your own style so this is just getting your ideas together for this now let me give you an example Roman numeral one throughout the paragraphs at the outset of the selection the author describes his feelings related to being quote invisible in order in order to convey a sense of loneliness and separation to the audience notice that I used the word invisible there and I put that in quotation marks because that’s an actual word that the author is using my a alison compares this isolation to being at a circus sideshow with mirrors of hard distorted glass around him notice that I underlined to put red the strong bird that I’m using I didn’t just put down the author writes the author says but the author compares this isolation to being at a quote circus sideshow end quote with quote mirrors of hardest Orting glass and quote around him that’s taking small bits of text and putting it within my words to support that I can write this comparison effectively shows how know what a society seasoned for who he is remember to the author’s imagery successfully conveys up to the audience this isolation again conveys compares I’m demonstrating what I’m doing there now clearly when I’m writing this out I’m going to do this so that it is not a rigid organizational tool I would want to write this in such a way run down the sharing my creative ability as a writer as well the closing and again once you do the body so what does it all mean so how effective is the author these are just two Roman numerals here number one restate the overarching theme of the entire selection then we to explain the effectiveness of the rhetoric and the selection I would just put two sentences here and then if you have time as you’re writing if it’s a timed writing or if it’s for the AP exam if you have time to develop it develop it if you don’t you just quickly put some ideas down here and finish it off a lot of times if you have done an effective job on the actual body the closing is just summarizing what you’ve already said so just you remember you have to restate with the theme is if you get with the whole selections about and you have to explain the effectiveness of the rhetoric and the selection how good of a job with the author do how did this would how will this have affected the audience and here’s some advice as you write just some things to consider uh number one please make sure you’re using the strong virtue gave that to you at the beginning of the year the more you use it now the more it will become embedded in your vocabulary if you wait around to later to start using it it’s gonna be harder to remember how to do this particularly for the AP exam so I can use the tone words at the bottom of the stromberg sheet there are so many other tone words out there but this the list that I have there for you that’s definitely a good start and those are words that you should be using avoiding such words as sad happy as tongue words I would encourage you to use smaller pieces of text incorporating with your own language the more successful essays do not have an entire sentence in quotation marks and then an explanation it’s better to have smaller pieces of text with your own language that is how you are going to be successful on rhetorical analysis I should not see any entire sentences that you have copied from the text and then saying okay now this sentence they do this please be very careful about what you’re going there next one please take risks with your writing it’s it this is not the easiest type of selection to do type of writing to do but you have to take some risks with it you’re not going to find out how good you can be at this unless you you start saying I’m going to do this a little bit differently and take some chances and finally be patient with yourself this is an ongoing process and you’re not easy to write by any means but if you if you take your time and patient with yourself and use some of the strategies that you have here by the time of the end of the year come through the AP exam it’ll be fine so just enjoy yourself as you’re doing and I know it’s not an exciting piece of learning for you to do but it is it it is something that you will be expected to do on the college level okay I hope this slideshow has helped you good luck on your rhetorical analysis

Gideon Ajayi

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